AskDefine | Define phlox

Dictionary Definition

phlox n : any polemoniaceous plant of the genus Phlox; chiefly North American; cultivated for their clusters of flowers

User Contributed Dictionary

see Phlox

English

Pronunciation

Noun

Phlox
  1. Any flowering plant of the genus Phlox, sensitive to drought.

Translations

Extensive Definition

Phlox (pronounced /flɒks/ or "flocks"; from the Greek φλόξ, meaning 'flame') is a genus of 67 species of annual or perennial flowering plants. Some species flower in early spring while others flower in summer into fall. Most species are native to temperate North America but a few species are also from northeastern Asia. They are found growing in diverse habitats from alpine locations to open woodlands and prairies.
Phlox range in color from pale blue to bright red to white. Some species such as Phlox glaberrima (Smooth Phlox) grow to 1.5 m tall, while others, such as Phlox stolonifera (Creeping Phlox), form low mats only a few centimetres in height.
Phlox is best grown in well-drained soil, exposed to partial shade to partial sun. The foliage of Phlox is sometimes eaten by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including Dot Moth, Gazoryctra wielgusi, Hummingbird Hawk-moth and Schinia indiana which feeds exclusively on P. pilosa. Phlox species are also a popular food source for groundhogs, rabbits and deer. The flowers, when fertilized, typically produce one relatively large seed.

Cultivation

Several species of phlox are commonly cultivated in gardens. Most cultivated phlox, with the notable exception of Drummond phlox, are perennial. Phlox cultivars are available in shades of white, purple, blue, pink, and yellow. Phlox are valued in the garden for their ability to attract butterflies.

References

phlox in German: Flammenblumen
phlox in French: Phlox (flore)
phlox in Upper Sorbian: Jednolětna płomjenjowka
phlox in Italian: Phlox
phlox in Japanese: フロックス属
phlox in Polish: Floks
phlox in Portuguese: Phlox
phlox in Russian: Флокс
phlox in Vietnamese: Phlox
phlox in Samogitian: Pliuoksos
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